Attached is a policy paper which is scheduled for the Address Policy SIG at APNIC 16. Please feel free to send comments or questions to this list, or to me directly by email. Hope to see you in Seoul, ________________________________________________________________________ Paul Wilson, Director-General, APNIC <dg at apnic dot net> http://www.apnic.net ph/fx +61 7 3858 3100/99 ------------------------------------------------------------------------ See you at APNIC 16 Seoul, Korea, 19-22 August 2003 http://www.apnic.net/meetings ------------------------------------------------------------------------
Supporting Historical Resource Transfer Proposed by: Paul Wilson, APNIC Secretariat Version: 1.0 Date: 18 July 2003 1 Summary There are 2 types of Internet resources managed by APNIC: "current" resources, registered by APNIC under explicit policies and agreements; and "historical" resources, registered under early registry policies without formal agreements. Some of the historical resources managed by APNIC were registered by APNIC during its early days (prior to the existence of a membership structure); while some were registered by other registries prior to the RIR system, then subsequently transferred to APNIC. It is consistent with IP resource management goals that all resource registrations managed by APNIC be properly maintained under current agreements, for reasons of accuracy of registration, fairness of distribution, and efficiency of management. To this end, it is proposed that APNIC introduce policies to facilitate the voluntary transfer of historical resource registrations from the applicable resource holders, to organisations which are current APNIC members. These transfers would be subject to no approval criteria, but following transfer, transferred resource would be considered as "current" and therefore subject to all applicable APNIC policies. 2 Background and Rationale As mentioned above, historical resource registrations (including IPv4 address blocks and AS numbers) are maintained by APNIC without any covering agreements of any kind. Most of these registrations were initially made by the global predecessor registries of ARIN (DDN-NIC, SRI-NIC, InterNIC), and inherited automatically by ARIN on its establishment. Such registrations, where made to organisations in the APNIC region, are being transferred to APNIC during 2003, through the RIRs' "Early Registration Transfer" (ERX) project. In addition to these, some historical resource registrations have been inherited by APNIC from the former AUNIC address registry. Because historical resources are not governed by any formal agreement, there is little or no incentive for resource holders to maintain registrations, nor to return to APNIC any resources which are not being used. In some cases, the resources concerned have been claimed dishonestly (or "hijacked") by third parties; and in a minority of these, resources have then been used for hacking or spamming activities. The APNIC membership as a whole continues to incur financial and technical costs for the maintenance of historical resource registrations, while resource holders receive a benefit at no cost. In addition, the possible illegal use of incorrectly registered resources may create a legal liability or risk for APNIC, with the potential for associated costs to APNIC members. 3 Proposal In response to the problems described above, it is proposed that measures be considered which will, over time, bring historical resource registrations into the current policy framework. A specific measure proposed is to allow historical resources which are not required by their registered holder to be easily transferred to organisations which hold current agreements with APNIC, on the understanding that those resources will then be considered "current" and therefore subject to the appropriate policies and agreements. Importantly, it is proposed that these resource transfers should be recognised and registered by APNIC without the requirement for technical review or approval. The only conditions placed upon a transfer would be: that the holder of the historical resource is verified and registered; and that both parties give explicit consent to a transfer. It is noted that APNIC will not review any agreements between the parties to a transfer, and will exert no control over the type of agreement which may be made. 4 Implementation Four specific steps will need to be taken, in sequence, in order to process a transfer under this policy: a. validation and registration of the existing holder; b. verification of their intention to transfer a resource; c. verification of the recipient's consent to receive a transfer; and d. registration of the transferred resource. APNIC procedures already include well established processes for validating historical resource registrations, including documentation, request forms, and statutory declaration/indemnification forms (step a above). An additional transfer form would be developed for historical resource holders to request a transfer to a specific party, identified as a current APNIC member (step b). It is noted that an organisation wishing to receive a transfer must be a member of APNIC prior to the lodgement of a transfer request form. This new member organisation would not be required to pay the "Resource Request Processing Fee" in order to receive a transfer (however it would have to pay that fee at a later time in order to submit a conventional resource request to APNIC). On receipt of a validated request form (step b above), APNIC will contact the member organisation named as recipient, to verify that they wish to receive the resource (step c). An appropriate interface could be developed within MyAPNIC to support this process, however this is not likely to be required initially. Finally, APNIC would register the transferred resource and notify the registered holder, as it does in the case of any normal resource allocation (step c). It is noted that resources transferred under this policy would thereafter be subject to the provisions of all normal address management policies. Specifically: the use of transferred resources would need to be documented as a part of current resource holdings in any future APNIC address requests; and the transferred resources would be considered in the assessment of the APNIC membership tier of the organisation, on the renewal of their membership. If is proposed to implement this policy three months after approval by the APNIC community.